So... Here's the scenario (for our friends abroad; and any Brits that may have missed it...).
In 2010, as a condition of supporting the Conservative (Tory) Party in a Coalition Government, the Liberal Democrat Party (leader: Nick Clegg) was able to initiate a referendum on a switch from the current (and archaic) "First Past the Post"
voting system; to a system called "Alternative Vote"
(which is not, in fact, a form of Proportional Representation...).
Only 40% of the UK Electorate turned out to vote in that Referendum, and 2/3's of those who voted (about 25% of the UK Electorate then...), voted against changing from FPTP to AV.
According to the latest exit polls, it is estimated that the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) will receive a 14% share of the National Vote in today's General Election.
But because of the way that FPTP works, and the way that Parliamentary Seats in the House of Commons are distributed by Constituency, that 14% of the National Vote will translate to precisely... Zero seats in Parliament for UKIP.
Meanwhile, North of the Border, the Scottish National Party is anticipated to receive a 4% share of the (UK-wide) National Vote in today's General Election.
And because of the way that FPTP works &c... That 4% will translate to approximately.... *FIFTY* (out of 650) seats in Parliament.
And since it looks like neither the Conservative nor Labour Party are likely to win a sufficient number of seats to command a workable majority in the House of Commons; then the SNP - with their anticipated 50 seats - will essentially become the "King-makers" in the horse-trading that is likely to begin tomorrow morning.
In the run-up to today, the Conservative Party strategists foresaw this, and were able to maneuver the leader of the Labour Party (Ed Milliband) into publicly declaring he would *NOT* form a Coalition Government with the SNP. (Which was a bit of an idiot move on Milliband's part..)
The SNP are rather to the Left Wing, ideologically speaking, so there is no chance of their being willing to form a coalition with the Conservatives (which is why the Tories had no qualms about forcing Milliband to declare against an SNP Coalition).
The Liberal Democrats aren't really going to feature much... There is even a question mark about whether or not their leader, Nick Clegg (currently Deputy Prime Minister) will hold onto his parliamentary seat. Though the Lib Dems are on course for 10% of the National Vote, that will in all likelihood translate to only about 3% of the seats in Parliament.
What I'm *REALLY* hoping and looking forward to tomorrow, is one gigantic mess. The UK will technically have no Government, and it will then be up to the Queen to decide how to move things forward (cue: Constitutional Crisis).
As a postscript:
It now appears that nearly two-thirds of the UK Electorate would prefer the use of a Proportional Representation System in National Elections: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/po ... rnalSearch
Should have thought about that in 2010, shouldn't they.